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Abstract Motivation: We present a structural alignment database that is specifically targeted for use in derivation and optimization of sequence–structure alignment algorithms for homology modeling. We have paid attention to ensure that fold-space is properly sampled, that the structures involved in alignments are of significant resolution (better than 2.5 Å) and the alignments are accurate and reliable. Results: Alignments have been taken from the HOMSTRAD, BAliBASE and SCOP-based Gerstein databases along with alignments generated by a global structural alignment method described here. In order to discriminate between equivalent alignments from these different sources, we have developed a novel scoring function, Contact Alignment Quality score, which evaluates trial alignments by their statistical significance combined with their ability to reproduce conserved three-dimensional residue contacts. The resulting non-redundant, unbiased database contains 1927 alignments from across fold-space with high-resolution structures and a wide range of sequence identities. Availability: The database can be interactively queried either over the web at or by using MySQL, and is also available to download over the web.

Original publication




Journal article




Oxford University Press (OUP)

Publication Date





2333 - 2344